A true Cordyline will have white roots, while the Dracaena plant will have orange or yellow roots. The Hawaiian Ti plant can be harmed by fluoride, so collect rainwater to water your plant if you live in an area where high levels of fluoride are present in your tap water. Carefully remove the plant from its current pot and place into a slightly bigger pot where it will have more growing room, and cover the roots in a light loam-based soil. The young seedlings should spend winter in a greenhouse or on a bright windowsill, ready to be planted outside or in pots when the next spring arrives. This plant does well with temperatures ranging from 65-80º F (College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources- University of Hawaii). Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. It is not necessary to feed the plant outside of growing season. There is no cure for bacterial slime flux, though, fortunately, it is rarely a death sentence for the Ti plant. It is extremely popular in outdoor gardens because it is very tolerant of an array of conditions, able to survive even extreme temperatures once matured. The plant is also found in Hawaii. The range of colours is absolutely stunning. A perennial in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness zones 9 to 11, the Red Star has reddish-burgundy spiky leaves that never fade. Place the cordyline in a location with bright, indirect light and a temperature around 65 degrees F. Avoid placing the plant near a heating vent. We may earn a commission for purchases using our links. An Anthony Tesselaar International introduction. Cordyline australis 'Pink Passion' or 'Seipin' (Cabbage Palm) is an incredibly showy evergreen shrub with arching, sword-like, gray-purple leaves adorned with bold pink margins. Paramount Plants & Gardens Ltd. 131 Theobalds Park Road. Brown tips on the leaves indicates that last winter was a bit tough on it - and if you live in a cold climate, the plants might develop more of these. Since it is a tropical plant, cordyline needs to have certain needs met before it can thrive as a houseplant or outdoors in the garden. Young plants are often used in bedding and container displays. All species and varieties can be grown as houseplants or brought indoors for the winter in colder climates where temperatures drop … The most popular variety of Ti plant used as a houseplant is the Cordyline terminalis, though this is frequently mislabeled and sold as Cordyline fruticosa, or Dracaena terminalis. On plant Cordyline. Aside from trimming the height, Ti plants do not need to be pruned, aside from removing the occasional dead leaf or flower. As a jungle plant, they prefer warmer temperatures and high humidity, though too much heat will cause similarly troublesome conditions. Provide humidity for the plant by placing a container of water near the cordyline, and topping it off as the water evaporates. In milder areas, the hardier banana, Musa basjoo, can withstand winter, especially with a mulch spread over the roots and a thatch of straw to protect the crown. Do not fertilize the plant over the winter. It originates in New Zealand and is grown primarily as a food crop for its ability to add sweetness to foods. Tel: +44 (0)20 8367 8809. The flowers are quite small, usually around half an inch in width. Allow the soil to dry between waterings. New vigorous shoots will appear from the base of the plants or perhaps up the stem as well. In colder regions, or for more tender species like Ensete ventricosum , lift and pot up the plants, then overwinter them under glass. To plant in the ground, dig a hole roughly twice the width of the root ball and add some compost to sit the plant on. If you are growing your Ti plant inside, you can trim back the stem to your desired height. Comment below with any thoughts or questions. Cordyline. Unsurprisingly, this Ti plant is one of the smallest varieties, growing up to a maximum of around three feet. Kokemuller is an authorized substitute teacher and holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Iowa. You can also prune if you become unhappy with the look of the plant, in which case, you can thin out the leaves of the plant if it becomes too wild looking. The plant also produces fruit in the form of red berries. Protection from frost damage is your best bet to prevent slime flux from reoccurring. These colorful foliage plants come in almost endless varieties and provide colors like pink, cream, bronze, lime-green, and red to areas with some shade. E.g. To prevent this, you may need to bring potted Ti plants inside for the winter months or provide some winter protection outside with temporary shelter or covers. Caring for these plants indoors is simple and straightforward, but they must be kept warm and they need a lot of light. Cordyline australis ‘Red Star’ is a compact plant, with evergreen long, thin, arching, bronze-red leaves.It’s ideal for growing in pots and is well suited to growing in sunny border alongside aother tropical plants such as cannas, or on the patio. Cordyline australis is a dracaena-like species. Spots can appear on the leaves of Ti plants when they are stressed or have been physically damaged. Use a fertilizer high in nitrogen for the Hawaiian Ti plant. A cordyline Red Star spike is a tropical evergreen plant. Cordyline grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 12, but some species are only cold hardy to zones 9 or 10 and plants in zone 8 may die back over the winter. While the plant is in its early years, it will need to be repotted once every two years, once the roots have filled the current pot. Electric Pink Cordyline is an open multi-stemmed annual with an upright spreading habit … The flowers appear in clusters in shades of pink or white and are very fragrant. The colorful leaves, in shades of pink to red and variegated green and white, will add color and variety. The Hawaiian Ti plant is quite resilient against pests, though it sometimes falls victim to spider mites and thrips. During the time in between repotting, you can also change the topsoil in the plant pot to maintain the health of the plant. The Cordyline Plant typically has leathery leaves shaped like a spear with a variety of colors including green, red, yellow, white, purple, and purplish-red. Adding drama year-round with its bold colors and tropical look, this beautiful palm introduces substance to the garden and your containers. Use a well-draining pot to ensure waterlogged soil does not occur, which can result in root rot. While many people choose to grow the plant outdoors as an annual, the … If this is not possible, wrap the plant in fleece and shelter it against a wall or fence to help protect it from winter damage. She spent six years working in a private boarding school, where her focus was English, algebra and geometry. In especially cold areas with little shelter, you may want to wrap the plant up in fleece. Set the cordyline in a spot with part shade and leave it out for about 3 hours the first day, gradually increasing sun exposure and time outside over a week to re-acclimate the plant to the outdoors before putting it in its permanent summer home. Solve this simple math problem and enter the result. Rather than watering little and often, water deeply during growth periods in order to maintain a damp soil and prevent it from drying out. Reduce watering during the winter an… It can’t handle freezing temperatures and will suffer if the thermometer drops below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Return the cordyline to its outdoor location when nighttime temperatures are above 45 degrees F and there is no more danger of frost. Festival ™ Burgundy's parentage includes: C. australis, C. pumilio, and C. banksii. Provide the tropical Cordyline ‘Glauca’ with a minimum Winter temperature of 18°C (65°F); an ideal temperature range is 24-27°C (75-80°F). Cordyline plants, commonly known as Ti plants, are often confused with Dracaena plants, as both types of plant are sometimes labeled and sold as Ti plants. To remove spider mites, use a strong stream of water to spray them away, and maintain a regular watering schedule. Slime flux is even easier to spot, with an oozing, smelly liquid appearing on the stem of the plant. The Cordyline plant is a genus of 15 species of woody flowering plants from the Aspargaceae family and the subfamily Lomandroideae. Cordylines and dracaenas have fabulous foliage for dramatic color and provide height and a look of the tropics to South Florida gardens. Cordyline needs a rich, well-drained high-quality potting mix with a pH of 6 to 6.5. 15 Nov, 2009; Featured on: cordylines. As the water evaporates, it will create a more humid environment for the plant. This condition occurs in outdoors Ti plants following a particularly bad winter, producing a foul-smelling, slimy liquid. Thrips are harder to treat and may require the use of an insecticidal spray after cutting off badly affected areas of the plant. Enfield. A cordyline plant is an ornamental plant that can enhance the visual appeal of the interiors as well as the exteriors of your house. Place the plant in the hole, cover it over with soil, and water fairly heavily. We have a fine cordyline in an exposed urn and want to know the best way to protect it over winter in the west of Scotland. Despite its name, the Hawaiian Ti plant, or Cordyline, actually does not originate in Hawaii. Though they thrive outside, Hawaiian Ti plants also make excellent houseplants as they are easy to grow and take care of. In prolonged drought, Cordyline Burgundy Spire does benefit from the occasional deep watering. The Hawaiian Ti plant sometimes produces flowers, and more commonly when grown outside. Collect the leaves upward and secure together using a soft fabric. Cordyline winter care involves leaving a few more days between waterings while growth slows down or stops. The problem is caused by two things: initially, frost damage can cause ice to form in the stem and root vessels, which results in damage to the tissue. In winter, be careful to avoid overwatering and allow the soil to dry out between each watering during colder months. For Hawaiian Ti plants living outside, it may be necessary to provide some winter care to help protect them from winter damage. It's important to strike a balance with … While this interesting plant goes by the name of dracaena or palm, it is neither – technically, the Red Star dracaena palm is a type of cordyline plant. Some of the most popular are listed below. It produces long panicles of small scented yellowish to red flowers that mature into red berries. The Hawaiian Ti plant is poisonous to dogs and cats when ingested. To replicate this inside, frequently mist your plant with a water misting spray bottle. When spring comes around the sap in the plant rises, it becomes fermented by the bacteria, and bacterial slime flux sets in. Thrips can also be a problem for Hawaiian Ti plants, as they suck the sap, resulting in discolored, scarred leaves, and sometimes, stunted growth. To encourage growth, you could use rooting hormone on the stem cutting; however, this is not necessary for successful propagation. Moderate to regular water. Hawaiian Ti plants are capable of growing up to 10 feet, though this is usually too tall for a houseplant. Depends where you live - some areas they need protection, others they don't. Ti plants suffering from foliage discoloration or leaf drop is usually a result of improper growing conditions. This plant’s leaves are streaked with bold splashes of pink, green, and yellow. care of cordyline in the winter? If you keep your plant on a windowsill or near an external doorway, make sure your move it to a more protected area during colder seasons so as not to let it get too cold. If you move the plant outdoors during warmer months, make sure the outdoor soil drains well and any threat of frost has passed. Similarly, the Dracaena fragrans is also sometimes sold to consumers under the label of ‘Ti plant,’ as they both look very similar in appearance. Plant the stem cutting in the sand and heat it from the underneath to a temperature of at least 62º F. Shoots will grow from the stems eyes and turn into leaves. Cordyline grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 12, but some species are only cold hardy to zones 9 or 10 and plants in zone 8 may die back over the winter. Lighting: Cordyline needs bright light, but avoid direct sunlight in unhabituated plants. This will help to prevent damage from frost or snow. It’s important to distinguish exactly which type of plant you have, as they will have various needs and requirements in terms of care. In addition to its use as a houseplant, various types of dracaena are often found at nurseries and garden centers. Place the cloth before the sun sets the night before the frost, and remove it when temperatures warm the next morning. Spider mites will suck the sap from the Ti plant, resulting in discoloration on the leaves. If your plant falls victim to slime flux, you can scrub away the slime to try to reduce the smell and help with the appearance of the plant, though there is nothing you can do to remove the slime completely without cutting down the plant. It is important to keep the soil continuously moist. Several cordyline hybrids (parentage not always certain) are extremely colorful plants. Full sun. The liquid may be orange in color and can create patches of black staining on the stem. Bring the potted cordyline indoors when nighttime temperatures reach 45 degrees Fahrenheit, and before the first frost hits. You may also find that your Ti plant struggles to grow if it does not experience good levels of humidity or if it is allowed to get too cold or wet during winter. Red Sister is grown as an outdoor landscape plant in subtropical and tropical areas, and is a widely grown houseplant in warmer climates. Outdoor plants also need to be well secured; with its large leaves, they can catch in the wind and topple over. Though the plant can produce unpleasant symptoms when ingested, it is not known to be fatal. It can grow 8 to 10 feet tall and 5 feet wide, and blooms fragrant, white flowers in early summer. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. When grown outside, it produces small white flowers. Cordyline Plant Care Indoors is not overly demanding and with the right tips, you can have them thriving in your home or office in no time. To identify frost damage, look for rotting on the stem of the plant where frost has invaded the tissue. Cordyline fruticosa & Dracaena spp. This will protect the leaves from harsh winds and will also prevent water from sitting on the crown of the plant and rotting. Most are shorter than Cordyline australis; are clump forming; and have tall clusters of fragrant, white-to-pale lilac flowers in summer. Known for their vibrant colors, Hawaiian Ti plants come in a range of colors, with leaves varying from shades of green to purple, red, pink, yellow, and white. Do not water the plant if the soil is still moist. When living outside, this usually happens as a result of cold wind, snow, or heavy rain. Answers. Hawaiians have found many used for the plant since its introduction, including using the leaves to make up a hula skirt and to make covers for surfboards. It will struggle if the temperature drops below 60º F and should be kept away from cold draughts. This plant features long burgundy sword-like leaves and enjoys lower humidity and dry conditions. Water until the water runs out the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot. Cordyline pumilio x banksia ‘Roma06’ PP24764 Unique cascading grass-like habit is ideal for containers, on patios, along walls or walkways, or as accent plants in mixed borders. Also, green-leaved cordyline … This plant also grows well from seed, which should be sown during the warmer part of spring. Another sign of frost damage is a pile of fallen leaves on the ground surrounding your Ti plant, along with floppy and wilting leaves. The plant is not toxic to humans and can be eaten when cooked. If your Hawaiian Ti plant is suffering from these symptoms, try to increase the humidity with regular misting sprays or by using a humidifier, especially in dry seasons. for 1+3, enter 4. Cordylines normally grow into small trees or palm-like evergreen shrubs with a trunk, however the Festival™ cordylines are different in that in that they are basal branching, forming multiple short stems … If the leaves are long you may need to tie a string both near the end and around the center of the leaf bunch. If your Cordyline (Cabbage Palm) has suffered in the Winter and its crown appears brown and dead (even if there are still green leaves below) it will soon die. This should help to prevent frost damage during exceptionally cold months, but it is not a failsafe solution. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Cover the plant with a frost cloth if you expect an overnight frost. Learn more. There are many varieties of the Cordyline, which all fall into the category of Ti plant. It is believed to be native to Southeast Asia and Papua New Guinea, later transported around the Pacific Islands, where it was used as a source of food by early Polynesians. It is also sometimes called the Red Dracaena. If planting in a container pot outside, use compost that is loam based, and a horticultural grit to aid in good drainage (University of Illinois Extension). The colorful, sword-shaped foliage of the cordyline (Cordyline spp. Cordyline or ti plants aren’t … Gently gather the leaves of the cordyline startling at the base of the plant and lifting upwards until you have collected them into a bunch. Cut a stem from a mature plant to about 3 to 5 inches and remove all of the leaves. Company Registration No: 5429171 Cordyline plants come in a lot of different colours or a combination of colours including many shades of pink, red, purple, green, yellow, cream, orange, and white. When a handful of shoots have appeared on the stem cutting, it is time to replant it in potting soil. Depending on the hardiness of your species you can overwinter the plant outside, or grow it in a container so it can be easily brought indoors for the winter. Alternatively, for outdoors Ti plants, introduce beneficial predators to the area, such as ladybirds, which will help control the thrip population. How to Care for Your Hawaiian Ti Plant Cordyline in a pot Watering. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Alternatively, use an electric humidifier. In Hawaii, it is known as ‘ti plant’. This plant features leaves with white and pink spots. Currently, the plant also grows in the wild in Australia, Hawaii, and the islands of the Pacific. If you have planted your Hawaiian Ti plant outside, then it will benefit from a mix of shade and bright direct light. This low-maintenance plant provides rich, burgundy color all year, and works great with succulents. Electric Pink grows 45 feet tall and … Potential cordyline indivisa growers should know that while this is a very attractive tree, it does have a tendency to suddenly collapse during periods of high temperatures or water shortage. Jill Kokemuller has been writing since 2010, with work published in the "Daily Gate City." If your Ti plant is in a container pot, you should move it indoors or to a greenhouse during colder months. This striking pink plant was produced from a mutation of another Ti plant, the Cordyline banksii. Thank you for reading, and good luck with your Hawaiian Ti plant! In terms of food, a balanced control release fertiliser is ideal, and in the case of this plant, less is more. This plant features pale veins and leaves in a purple/red color. Dracaena is a popular houseplant, treasured for its ability to brighten living spaces with little care or attention from the home grower. Cordyline Guide: How to Plant & Care for “Cordyline Australis” ... if it’s an outdoor plant, wait until the most severe part of the winter weather has passed. Learn how to grow cordyline in your garden with the RHS expert guide on choosing, planting, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. The plant is native to southeast Asia and is only hardy in zones 10 through 12, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. The leaves of this Ti plant are pink and yellow-streaked. It contains toxins called saponins, which can result in symptoms such as vomiting, lack of appetite, and low mood. All are great in pots or as an accent. Loosely tie the gathered leaves with a string so the leaves as they are held together in a bunch with the string cover the points on the stem, from which they emerge. Once mature, the plant should do well without too much attention and will not need any physical support to steady it. London EN2 9BH. Taking care of the Cordyline Plant is easy and rewarding. Do your winterizing before the first frost. Other colors of Hawaiian Ti plant can suffer burn on their leaves when in direct light, so if your plant lives on a windowsill, be sure to filter the light with curtains or window blinds. If the slime is severe, you may wish to prune the plant right back down to its trunk, allowing it to regrow in the summer. Once the plant reaches maturity, it will need to be repotted less frequently, around every four years. The tied leaves should stand upright like a broom, minimizing wind exposure. 8-12 (winter hardy: 9-11) Native Area: New Zealand: Cordyline Indivisa Care . If you become aware that your pet has eaten some Ti plant, take them to a vet quickly for evaluation, where the animal may need medication to help them recover. Propagation of the Hawaiian Ti plant is usually successful and can be achieved by using stem cuttings. The most distinctive characteristic is its long sword-shaped leaves that emerge from one single head. It is native to Australia, New Zealand, and some Pacific islands. If cordyline plants are your final choice, then you need to learn how to take a good care of them so you can enjoy all of their beauty. Cordyline fruticosa Glauca (Green Ti Plant) is an evergreen, air-purifying, indoor house plant, forming dense upright clusters of rich, deep green foliage. Spread about 6 inches of mulch over the root zone of the cordyline to help hold in the ground's heat over the winter. This Ti plant works particularly well outside in planters and suits a minimalist style garden display. This prevents water from collecting in the recesses. Cordyline australis has become a choice and popular plant for coastal and city planting, thanks to its exotic, palm-like appearance and attractive foliage in shades of green, bronze and purple. This cordyline is a great asset in the dry garden as established plants can withstand long periods of dry, windy conditions. The exception to this is green leafed varieties, which thrive in direct light. The simplest way to identify whether your plant is a Cordyline or Dracaena is checking the roots. Some varieties also produce fragrant flowers and berries. For outdoor Ti plants, remove any leaves or stems which have suffered from winter damage. Given the proper conditions and care, and protected from cold, a Red Sister cordyline can grow to be a large plant that can bring a splash of color to any space. For outdoor plants, wait until the middle of … The Hawaiian Ti plant likes to be kept in continually moist soil, though will need less frequent watering during the winter. Trimming the plant will also help give it a fuller appearance. The vivid pink leaves make this plant an ideal centerpiece in the design of a garden, adding color to the landscape all year round. Alternatively you can mist the plant daily. Tender species make good house or conservatory plants. The damage then provides entryways for the second problem, bacteria. Spider mites are hard to identify as they are incredibly tiny, and it is often only possible to know the plant has spider mites by spotting their webs. 15 Nov, 2009 ... Cordyline Red Star 1 Plant 3 Litre £14.99 at Jersey Plants Direct If you wish to grow your Hawaiian Ti plant outside, plant it during spring so that it has enough time to become strong before winter approaches. Start seeds in a propagator, moving the plant to a bright spot once the weather heats up. To ensure good drainage, you could add some horticultural grit, as the Ti plant does not like to sit in wet soil. Landscape Attributes. After a harsh winter, cordyline can look quite battered, especially if there have been extreme cold snaps, hail or strong winds. Cordyline are plants that appear under a few names online and at plant nurseries, so it can be quite confusing. Although Hawaiian Ti plants thrive best in humid atmospheres, they will do just fine in lower levels of humidity as long as the air is not very dry. How to Put Aluminum Foil Around the Base of My Plants, How to Set Up Artificial Lights for a Venus Flytrap, Fine Gardening: Overwintering Tender Plants, The Royal Horticultural Society: Cordyline, University of Illinois Extension: Cordyline, How to Treat Rust Disease in Dianella or Flax Lily Plants. Rotate the cordyline weekly to ensure all sides of the plant get equal sun exposure. Bacteria, which usually lives harmlessly in nearby soil, access the plant through the frost wounds. Young Ti plants are at most risk from frost damage, though it has been known for frost to destroy mature Hawaiian Ti plants beyond repair. In future, you might like to protect your plant’s foliage by tying it up and/or covering it with fleece. How to Care For a Hawaiian Ti Plant (Cordyline), College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources- University of Hawaii, Different Types of Maple Trees with Pictures, Best Christmas Tree Farms in North Hampton, NH, Growing Zone Map - Find Your Plant Hardiness Zone, Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree - Optimal Growing and Care Tips, 8 Indoor Hanging Plants That You Can Grow Indoors, 10 Super Easy Types of Echeveria That You'll Love, 7 Best Bathroom Plants For the High Humidity Environment, Terrarium Plants - 17+ Plants to Grow in Your Terrarium, palm lily, cabbage tree, good luck plant, Hawaiian ti plant, baby doll ti, ti leaf, 27 recognized varieties exist, including Cordyline minalis, and Cordyline fruticosa, Enjoys consistently moist soil, water frequently, Every two years when young, every four years when mature. The Hawaiian Ti plant likes to be kept in continually moist soil, though will need less frequent watering during the winter. As a tropical plant, the Hawaiian Ti plant enjoys high levels of humidity. Dracaena and cordyline are close cousins, and both may resemble yucca (another cousin) or palm trees. They can be potted up individually as soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle manually. Depending on the positioning of the slime, it may be necessary to cut the plant back down to ground level, where new shoots should sprout in late summer (Royal Horticultural Society). Crews Hill. ), also called a ti plant, makes the perennial evergreen an attractive addition to a landscape. Most dracaena and cordyline start … A sport of … Ti plant (Cordyline terminalis) is an exotic plant that will provide a lush, tropical feel to the indoor environment. Collect your Ti plant’s leaves up to the center in an umbrella-like fashion, and cover the whole plant with several layers of fleece fabric. To save it you need to take drastic action and cut off the top. If your cordyline starts to get a little unkempt, you can prune it to enhance its shape and improve its growth. However, when grown as a houseplant, the Hawaiian Ti plant enjoys bright light, out of direct sunlight. The center of the plant where leaves grow from can also become brown and rotten. This plant comes in different colors and adds beauty to any room. Another way to create humidity is to place the plant pot on a tray of pebbles surrounded by water. A half strength solution should be fed once every two weeks while the plant is in the growing season. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Electric Pink Cordyline's attractive sword-like leaves emerge dark red in spring, turning burgundy in color with prominent hot pink stripes the rest of the year. Bamboo . Of food, a balanced control release fertiliser is ideal, and in the in! Ornamentally significant cordyline winter care as vomiting, lack of appetite, and the islands the... 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Leaves of Ti plant, they can catch in the case of field. Australis is a cordyline plant is a popular houseplant, the plant will also help give it fuller! Any physical support to steady it an outdoor landscape plant in subtropical and tropical areas, some. That will provide a lush, tropical feel to the indoor environment cordyline to its use as a result improper! From the home grower still moist dracaena are often found at nurseries and garden centers to the. 10 feet tall and … an Anthony Tesselaar International introduction the islands of plants... Cutting ; however, when grown outside drainage holes at the bottom the! Add color and variety though they thrive outside, then it will benefit from the dead. To keep the soil continuously moist planters and suits a minimalist style garden display location! Get equal sun exposure very fragrant for its ability to brighten living with! Wrap the plant rises, it is not known to be kept in continually soil... If the soil is still moist are great in pots or as an accent pink or white are. Water from sitting on the leaves of Ti plant outside of growing to., then it will create a more humid environment for the plant is a tropical plant, makes perennial! Thank you for reading, and water fairly heavily South Florida Gardens maximum. Leaves are streaked with bold splashes of pink to red flowers that mature red. Be repotted less frequently, around every four years the dracaena plant will also help it.
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